Integrated Rural Electrification Planning In Tanzania
“Rural electricity services play a key role in rural development because the
access to affordable, reliable and safe electricity can greatly improve food,
education and health services, as well as improving opportunities for income
The rate of access to electricity services (electrified settlements) in
Tanzania remains very low today – under 12%, and it will still be many years
until the interconnected grid will reach all the isolated population. Urban and
Rural electrification Access are particularly low, respectively around 39% and
2% (Sources IEA 2008) with 36.9 millions of people without electricity.
The government of Tanzania is engaged itself in the restructuring of its
electricity sector (Electricity Act 2008) with the following overarching
principles for Rural Electrification:
- Defining Rural
Electrification Plan and Strategies focusing on Grid expansion and the
development of off-grid electricity supply systems in rural areas including new
and renewable energy systems.
- Establishing and
maintaining a rural electrification database to assist in the monitoring of
progress and establishment of the targets of rural electrification.
- Defining framework for
adopting specific policies and imposes requirements, levies, relief and
regulations for the promotion and development of rural electrification in
accordance to the Rural Energy Act.
- Defining new financing
mechanisms for rural electrification, including modalities of public-private
- Promoting of new actors so
as to ensure maximized distribution and therefore access to modern energy
services to local communities.
Hence, the overarching objective of the present project is to provide
relevant decision makers both at the national and regional levels, with
operational tools which will provide development and energy sector planners to
formulate informed policy approaches.”